Koichi Hori

Home About


Civilization, Culture, Science, and Technology

The Latin word `scientia' meant widely knowledge.

However, `science', especially natural science, which was minimized(?) in 19th. century, requires `to be universal', `to be objective', and `to be reproductive'; at least, we were taught at school that these three norms are essential in science,

though Feyerabend said "Anything goes".

Paul K. Feyerabend: Against method: outline of an anarchistic theory of knowledge, 3rd ed., Verso, 1993.

Studies on artificial intelligence have tendency to be ruled by these three norms.
Referees often ask us `Is your study universal?', `Is your study objective?', and `Is your study reproductive?'.

Is this appropriate for the studies on AI?

AI studies are not just part of natural science but are closely related to humanities.

Philosopher Yoichiro Murakami says `Culture involves dynamic and fluctuating equilibrium. Civilization cannot accept to involve this dynamic and fluctuating equilibrium.' (English translation by Hori.)

Yoichiro Murakami: Death of Civilization / Rebirth of Culture, Iwanami publishing, 2006.(in Japanese)

Following this Murakami's claim, it is natural to think `natural science' and `culture' are incompatible.

objective vs. subjective
universal vs. local
reproductive vs. unique opportunity

How about the relation between `technology' and 'culture'?

Technology has longer history than natural science, and it has had close relations with cultures.
It is obvious when we think of architecture, gardening, craft work, pottery, and so on.

I am interested in the relations among AI technologies and cultures.
Moreover, I want to build systems to support and enhance the cultures.
Creativity support systems I have built are parts of them.

Linda Candy and Koichi Hori: The Digital Muse: HCI in Support for Creativity: Creativity and Cognition Comes of Age: Towards a New Discipline, ACM Interactions, X.4, pp.44--54, 2003.

The items in the space are clickable. Please try!

Related entries:
Using Python on Windows
What an old AI researcher thinks after watching the movie "Green Book" - about Racism, Discrimination, and AI (Artificial Intelligence)
Unicode decode error "'utf-8' codec can't decode byte 0xfa in position 0: invalid start byte" when using MeCab
Aligning Facebook button and Twitter button
Using unicode characters in Windows command line
Difference between Science and Engineering
Koichi Hori Top page
UNESCO: `Do you know AI or AI knows you better? Thinking Ethics of AI'
Culture as the base of our country: Prof. Inose
Toward AI-embedded Society where AI is Not Recognized as AI
AI support for Ethical AI Design
Koichi Hori
The University of Tokyo Academic Archives Portal - UTokyo Digital Collections
What is Artificial Intelligence?